Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development

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Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development is the result of a project carried out by the European Union and the OECD Development Centre in ten partner countries: Armenia, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, Georgia, Haiti, Morocco and the Philippines. The project aimed to provide policy makers with evidence on the way migration influences specific sectors – labour market, agriculture, education, investment and financial services, and social protection and health – and, in turn, how sectoral policies affect migration. The report addresses four dimensions of the migration cycle: emigration, remittances, return and immigration.

The results of the empirical work confirm that migration contributes to the development of countries of origin and destination. However, the potential of migration is not yet fully exploited by the ten partner countries. One explanation is that policy makers do not sufficiently take migration into account in their respective policy areas. To enhance the contribution of migration to development, home and host countries therefore need to adopt a more coherent policy agenda to better integrate migration into development strategies, improve co-ordination mechanisms and strengthen international co-operation.

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Strengthening the links between migration, investment, financial services and development

OECD Development Centre

Policy makers have long been interested in harnessing the development potential of migration. This chapter explores whether and under what conditions migration is likely to promote both greater well-being for migrant households, and more long-term development, through increased investment and entrepreneurship. The chapter starts by examining if and how migration and remittances can spur business and real estate investments. Potential differences between rural and urban areas when it comes to investments following migration and remittances are also analysed. It then examines the role of return migration for investments in migrant origin countries. Finally, the chapter analyses the role of public policies for investment decisions linked to return migration and remittances, with particular focus on sectoral policies to improve the wider investment and financial service sector such as financial training and more inclusive financial services.

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