Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development

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Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development is the result of a project carried out by the European Union and the OECD Development Centre in ten partner countries: Armenia, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, Georgia, Haiti, Morocco and the Philippines. The project aimed to provide policy makers with evidence on the way migration influences specific sectors – labour market, agriculture, education, investment and financial services, and social protection and health – and, in turn, how sectoral policies affect migration. The report addresses four dimensions of the migration cycle: emigration, remittances, return and immigration.

The results of the empirical work confirm that migration contributes to the development of countries of origin and destination. However, the potential of migration is not yet fully exploited by the ten partner countries. One explanation is that policy makers do not sufficiently take migration into account in their respective policy areas. To enhance the contribution of migration to development, home and host countries therefore need to adopt a more coherent policy agenda to better integrate migration into development strategies, improve co-ordination mechanisms and strengthen international co-operation.

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Making emigration a better asset for origin countries

OECD Development Centre

Despite the financial, human and social capital costs for households and the home country, emigration can be beneficial in several ways: for labour markets characterised by underemployment; for skill levels in the home country; and for women who stay behind and take on more responsibility. This chapter provides an overview of emigration in the IPPMD countries and its impact on the economic and social development of the home country. It also demonstrates how public policies and the lack or inadequacy of certain policies can play a role in the decision to emigrate. It explores a holistic view of migration in development policy, rather than a piecemeal approach which can have unexpected impacts, and outlines ways in which policy can make the most of emigration.

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