Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development

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Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development is the result of a project carried out by the European Union and the OECD Development Centre in ten partner countries: Armenia, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, Georgia, Haiti, Morocco and the Philippines. The project aimed to provide policy makers with evidence on the way migration influences specific sectors – labour market, agriculture, education, investment and financial services, and social protection and health – and, in turn, how sectoral policies affect migration. The report addresses four dimensions of the migration cycle: emigration, remittances, return and immigration.

The results of the empirical work confirm that migration contributes to the development of countries of origin and destination. However, the potential of migration is not yet fully exploited by the ten partner countries. One explanation is that policy makers do not sufficiently take migration into account in their respective policy areas. To enhance the contribution of migration to development, home and host countries therefore need to adopt a more coherent policy agenda to better integrate migration into development strategies, improve co-ordination mechanisms and strengthen international co-operation.

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Expanding the coverage of social protection and health services for better migration and development outcomes

OECD Development Centre

Social protection and health coverage play an increasingly important role in development policy, including the Sustainable Development Goals. This chapter considers the impact of migration on such services, whether increasing demand or supporting their provision. It first looks at how new entrants into the country, such as immigrants and return migrants, use and contribute to the system. It then analyses whether remittances are used for social and health expenditures, highlighting differences in urban and rural localities. The chapter also investigates how social protection and health policies might affect decisions to migrate and remit, based on individual and household coverage of such policies.

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