Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development

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Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development is the result of a project carried out by the European Union and the OECD Development Centre in ten partner countries: Armenia, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, Georgia, Haiti, Morocco and the Philippines. The project aimed to provide policy makers with evidence on the way migration influences specific sectors – labour market, agriculture, education, investment and financial services, and social protection and health – and, in turn, how sectoral policies affect migration. The report addresses four dimensions of the migration cycle: emigration, remittances, return and immigration.

The results of the empirical work confirm that migration contributes to the development of countries of origin and destination. However, the potential of migration is not yet fully exploited by the ten partner countries. One explanation is that policy makers do not sufficiently take migration into account in their respective policy areas. To enhance the contribution of migration to development, home and host countries therefore need to adopt a more coherent policy agenda to better integrate migration into development strategies, improve co-ordination mechanisms and strengthen international co-operation.

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Enhancing migration-led development by facilitating investment in education

OECD Development Centre

Access to quality education plays a critical role in promoting national development and enhancing the welfare of households and individuals. This chapter empirically investigates the interlinkages between migration and education in the ten IPPMD partner countries. It analyses the role of education in the decision to migrate, and how migration influences school attendance and educational expenditures. In addition, the chapter investigates the link between existing education policies and migration outcomes. The chapter points to a number of supportive policies that are important to realise the potential of migration to strengthen the positive synergies between education and development.

English Spanish, French


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