Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development

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Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development is the result of a project carried out by the European Union and the OECD Development Centre in ten partner countries: Armenia, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, Georgia, Haiti, Morocco and the Philippines. The project aimed to provide policy makers with evidence on the way migration influences specific sectors – labour market, agriculture, education, investment and financial services, and social protection and health – and, in turn, how sectoral policies affect migration. The report addresses four dimensions of the migration cycle: emigration, remittances, return and immigration.

The results of the empirical work confirm that migration contributes to the development of countries of origin and destination. However, the potential of migration is not yet fully exploited by the ten partner countries. One explanation is that policy makers do not sufficiently take migration into account in their respective policy areas. To enhance the contribution of migration to development, home and host countries therefore need to adopt a more coherent policy agenda to better integrate migration into development strategies, improve co-ordination mechanisms and strengthen international co-operation.

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Boosting immigrants' contribution to development and promoting their integration

OECD Development Centre

Immigrants contribute in many ways to the economic and social development of their host country. Several of the IPPMD project partner countries – Burkina Faso, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire and the Dominican Republic – are increasingly important destinations for immigration thanks to their better growth and job prospects relative to other countries in their regions. This chapter explores the immigration trends for these countries, drawing on the IPPMD data. It presents evidence from the survey on the potential contribution made by immigrants to their host economy, as well as several obstacles in the way of fulfilling their development potential. Public policies can contribute to improving the integration of immigrants in their countries of destination.

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