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Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development

image of Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development

Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development is the result of a project carried out by the European Union and the OECD Development Centre in ten partner countries: Armenia, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, Georgia, Haiti, Morocco and the Philippines. The project aimed to provide policy makers with evidence on the way migration influences specific sectors – labour market, agriculture, education, investment and financial services, and social protection and health – and, in turn, how sectoral policies affect migration. The report addresses four dimensions of the migration cycle: emigration, remittances, return and immigration.

The results of the empirical work confirm that migration contributes to the development of countries of origin and destination. However, the potential of migration is not yet fully exploited by the ten partner countries. One explanation is that policy makers do not sufficiently take migration into account in their respective policy areas. To enhance the contribution of migration to development, home and host countries therefore need to adopt a more coherent policy agenda to better integrate migration into development strategies, improve co-ordination mechanisms and strengthen international co-operation.

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Assessment and policy recommendations

OECD Development Centre

Migration’s positive contribution to development is increasingly being recognised and targeted by policies designed to maximise its benefits in countries of origin and destination. But less clearly understood is (1) how migration affects a variety of key development sectors, including the labour market, agriculture, education, investment and financial services, and social protection and health; and (2) how a range of sectoral policies can enhance, or undermine, the development impact of migration. The project Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development (IPPMD) was conducted between 2013 and 2017 in ten developing countries to explore these links, drawing on quantitative and qualitative analysis. This chapter provides an overview of the study’s findings, highlighting the ways in which migration (comprising emigration, remittances, return migration and immigration) can boost development, and analysing the sectoral policies that will allow this to happen. It concludes with a call for a whole-of-government approach in which migration becomes an integral part of countries’ development strategies and is also dealt with coherently on a bilateral and regional level.

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