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Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in the Philippines

image of Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in the Philippines

Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in the Philippines is the result of a project carried out by the Scalabrini Migration Center (SMC) and the OECD Development Centre, in collaboration with the Commission on Filipinos Overseas (CFO) and with support from the European Union. The project aimed to provide policy makers with evidence on the way migration influences specific sectors – the labour market, agriculture, education and investment and financial services – and, in turn, how sectoral policies affect migration. The report addresses three dimensions of the migration cycle that have become an important part of the country's social and economic contexts: emigration, remittances and return.

The results of the empirical work confirm that even though migration contributes to the development of the Philippines, the potential of migration is not fully exploited. One explanation is that, despite its advancement in understanding the link between migration and development which is reflected in the Philippine Development Plan, not all policy makers in the Philippines take migration sufficiently into account in their respective policy areas. The Philippines therefore needs to adopt a more coherent policy agenda and better integrate migration into their sectoral strategies to enhance the contribution of migration to development in the country.

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The Philippines' migration landscape

OECD Development Centre

The Philippines has a long history of emigration. Indeed since the 1970s the government has actively facilitated overseas working to deal with high unemployment on the one hand, and extended support to overseas Filipino workers on the other hand. Today emigration is part of Filipino culture. This chapter gives a brief overview of migration in the Philippines: its drivers and impact, who the migrants are and where they have gone, and what programmes and support migrants receive in the different phases of the migration process. It also examines what data are available and where the gaps lie. Finally, it lays out the policy and institutional framework covering emigration, immigration and return migration.

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Graphs

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