Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in the Philippines

image of Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in the Philippines

Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in the Philippines is the result of a project carried out by the Scalabrini Migration Center (SMC) and the OECD Development Centre, in collaboration with the Commission on Filipinos Overseas (CFO) and with support from the European Union. The project aimed to provide policy makers with evidence on the way migration influences specific sectors – the labour market, agriculture, education and investment and financial services – and, in turn, how sectoral policies affect migration. The report addresses three dimensions of the migration cycle that have become an important part of the country's social and economic contexts: emigration, remittances and return.

The results of the empirical work confirm that even though migration contributes to the development of the Philippines, the potential of migration is not fully exploited. One explanation is that, despite its advancement in understanding the link between migration and development which is reflected in the Philippine Development Plan, not all policy makers in the Philippines take migration sufficiently into account in their respective policy areas. The Philippines therefore needs to adopt a more coherent policy agenda and better integrate migration into their sectoral strategies to enhance the contribution of migration to development in the country.



Migration and agriculture in the Philippines

OECD Development Centre

Agriculture contributes only about 10% of the Philippines’ economy, which is diversifying rapidly. Nevertheless, rural and agricultural poverty is deepening and it has become common for rural residents to move within the Philippines but also internationally to the Gulf or other Asian countries to seek work. The Philippine government views agriculture as an important component of its development strategy. This chapter explores data gathered from the IPPMD survey of 593 farming households across the country to understand how migration is affecting the sector and how agricultural policies influence people’s migration decisions. The findings have policy relevance in terms of the role of emigration and return migration in diversifying the rural economy, and the role of agricultural programmes such as subsidies and agricultural land title certificates in contributing to emigration.



This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error