Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Armenia

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Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Armenia is the result of a project carried out by the Caucasus Research Resource Center (CRRC-Armenia) and the OECD Development Centre, in collaboration with the State Migration Service (SMS) and with support from the European Union. The project aimed to provide policy makers with evidence on the way migration influences specific sectors – the labour market, agriculture, education and investment and financial services – and, in turn, how sectoral policies affect migration. The report addresses three dimensions of the migration cycle that have become an important part of the country's social and economic contexts: emigration, remittances and return. The results of the empirical work confirm that even though migration contributes to the development of Armenia, the potential of migration is not fully exploited. One explanation is that many policy makers in Armenia do not sufficiently take migration into account in their respective policy areas. Armenia therefore needs to adopt a more coherent policy agenda to do more to integrate migration into development strategies, improve co-ordination mechanisms and strengthen international co-operation. This would enhance the contribution of migration to development in the country.



What impacts does migration have on development in Armenia?

OECD Development Centre

Armenia has one of the highest, and increasing, emigration rates in the world, with about 30% of the population living outside the country. In parallel, Armenia also benefits from significant and increasing levels of remittances. This chapter asks to what extent these trends are contributing to the country’s development in four sectors: the labour market, agriculture, education, and investment and financial services. Drawing on the IPPMD surveys and data analysis, the chapter finds both positive and negative effects on development.


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