Integrating Environmental and Climate Action into Development Co-operation

Reporting on DAC Members’ High-Level Meeting Commitments

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At their High-Level Meeting (HLM) in 2020, members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) set out a number of commitments and aspirations to align development co-operation with the objectives of international agreements to fight climate change and protect the environment. One year later, this report documents the individual and collective steps taken to give effect to the four voluntary commitments set out in the HLM Communiqué. It provides information on provisions and actions taken by DAC members to systematically integrate international environment and climate goals into development co-operation, to pursue more coordinated approaches, to support the transition of developing countries towards sustainable development pathways, and to better address the particular needs of Small Island Developing States.

English Also available in: French

Insights from DAC Members’ reporting on environment and climate commitments

Climate change is a defining challenge of the 21st century, and it is both compounding existing threats to sustainable development as well as creating new obstacles (OECD, 2019[1]). Sustainable development and climate change are therefore inseparable. The latest assessment report by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concluded that “human-induced climate change is already affecting many weather and climate extremes in every region across the globe” (IPCC, 2021[2]). Heatwaves, heavy precipitation, droughts, tropical cyclones, sea-level rise and ocean warming and acidification are all phenomena that can undermine countries’ ability to achieve the objectives of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Assessments by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) have also shown the significant alteration of nature across the globe by multiple human drivers, leading to a rapid decline in the majority of indicators of ecosystems and biodiversity health (IPBES, 2019[3]). All these phenomena are altering the ecological systems that underpin economic activity and human societies, including their well-being, safety and development (Hoegh-Guldberg, Jacob and Taylor, 2018[4]). Developing countries, especially those already affected by extreme poverty, fragility, inequality and other types of vulnerability, are the most exposed to the impacts of climate change (Hallegatte et al., 2015[5]). Ultimately, this is undermining countries’ ability to achieve sustainable development.

English Also available in: French


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