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Greening Development

Enhancing Capacity for Environmental Management and Governance

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This policy guidance outlines a number of steps to be considered when building capacity for greening national development planning, national budgetary processes and key economic sector strategies. It identifies the key actors to be engaged in the decision making processes, outlines possible capacity needs and suggests how these can be addressed. This policy guidance is intended to support developing countries in their efforts to move to a greener development path. It is also intended to assist development co-operation and environment agencies in their efforts to support that process.

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Executive summary

A healthy natural environment and the services it provides are fundamental to economic growth and human well-being. This is especially so in developing countries, where natural capital accounts for 26% of total wealth, compared to 2% in industrialised countries. Economic growth based on the unsustainable use of natural resources is no longer viable in a world facing the pressures of a growing population, climate change and increasing risks of food shortages. The OECD’s Green Growth Strategy, released in 2011, provides a framework for growth that allows natural assets to continue to provide the resources and environmental services on which well-being relies.

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