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Global Security Risks and West Africa

Development Challenges

image of Global Security Risks and West Africa

This publication explores current global security issues, their development in West Africa and their potential impact on regional stability. It takes a close look at issues such as terrorism and trafficking, climate change, and the links between “security and development”. Some of these issues are still the object of heated debate. This book draws attention to the risk of oversimplified analyses and biased perceptions of security risks. It also highlights the need for coordinated policies and dialogue between West Africa, North Africa and OECD countries.

English

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Preface

Sahel and West Africa Club

The beginning of the 21st century marks a turning point in West Africa’s history, moving from an era where conflicts and sources of instability were primarily “endogenous” to the emergence of “exogenous” global threats such as terrorism and large-scale drug trafficking. These new threats are added to the local causes of “endogenous” conflicts (competition for resources, irredentist claims, circulation of weapons, border issues, instability of fragile states and weak democracy). However, “exogenous” threats are not triggered or caused by local causes. It is important to understand how internal and external threats coexist and hybridize. Although currently crystallised in the Sahel, the extent of these dynamics encompasses all of West and North Africa.

English

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