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Gender and Statebuilding in Fragile and Conflict-affected States

image of Gender and Statebuilding in Fragile and Conflict-affected States

This publication provides an overview of the key issues, challenges and opportunities for ensuring more systematic consideration of gender issues in statebuilding in fragile and conflict-affected countries. It makes the case for gender-sensitive statebuilding based on the inherent value of gender equality as well as its contribution to better development outcomes and the achievement of peacebuilding and statebuilding goals. The report also spells out some of the contextual challenges and operational constraints that stifle progress in this area. Based on a series of empirical examples of donor practices, the report finally distills key success factors and concrete entry points for tackling these challenges and achieving a more effective, more politically informed approach to integrating gender into statebuilding.

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Introduction

Statebuilding and the specific challenges facing fragile and conflictaffected states (FCAS) are moving up the international agenda with the signing of the New Deal on International Engagement in Fragile States in Busan in December 2011 and publication of the World Bank’s 2011 World Development Report, Conflict, Security and Development. The OECDDAC International Network on Conflict and Fragility (OECD-INCAF) has produced extensive policy guidance, the 2011 Supporting Statebuilding in Situations of Conflict and Fragility, that has been adopted by most donors and reflects the current international thinking on statebuilding. This guidance recognises the political nature of statebuilding, and in particular the importance of paying greater attention to the complex power dynamics in these settings. However, the guidance did not address how to integrate a gender perspective across these issues and the role that gender inequalities and identities play in shaping the statebuilding process.

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