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Enhancing Connectivity through Transport Infrastructure

The Role of Official Development Finance and Private Investment

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Transport infrastructure is crucial to connect developing countries and help them to boost trade, growth and regional integration. This is because cross-border or long-distance roads and railways as well as international ports and airports are needed to move products and people around in a globalised world.

What can bilateral and multilateral development partners do to help connect developing countries through transport infrastructure? This report takes stock of continental and regional transport plans in Africa, Asia, Latin America and parts of Europe to place development co-operation in context. It then examines the strategies and activities of development partners for transport connectivity. It also takes a hard look at the allocation of official development finance for transport connectivity, particularly in relation to the distribution of private investment for the same types of infrastructure.

How large is the financing gap for transport connectivity to meet the Sustainable Development Goals? What can development partners do to fill this gap? How can they create an environment that can help mobilise more private resources? The report provides a comprehensive picture of the current state of play as well as food for thought on what can be done to move forward. It also features 16 profiles of development partners and their activities for improving transport connectivity.

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Development partner profiles

The chapter presents profiles of 16 development partners that are active in supporting transport connectivity. This includes several members of the Development Assistance Committee - Australia, European Union, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, and the United States - as well as bilateral partners beyond the Committee, such as Brazil and China. It also includes multilateral development banks such as the African Development Bank, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank the Asian Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the World Bank Group. Each section presents the strategies, programmes, and sample projects of the respective partner.

English

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