2021 Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India 2021

Reallocating Resources for Digitalisation

image of Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India 2021

The Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India is a regular publication on regional economic growth, development and regional integration in Emerging Asia. It focuses on the economic conditions of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. It also addresses relevant economic issues in China and India to fully reflect economic developments in the region. The Outlook comprises two main parts, each highlighting a particular dimension of recent economic developments in the region. The first part presents the regional economic monitor, depicting the economic outlook and macroeconomic challenges in the region. The second part consists of a special thematic chapter addressing a major issue facing the region. The 2021 edition of the Outlook addresses reallocation of resources to digitalisation in response to COVID-19, with special focuses on health, education and Industry 4.0. During the COVID-19 crisis, digitalisation has proved critical to ensuring the continuity of essential services. The use of e-commerce, digital health tools and on-line education all accelerated sharply during the pandemic in Emerging Asia. However, there is still a lot of work to be done, for the region to be able to get the full benefits of digitalisation.


전체 개요

COVID-19 팬데믹으로 인한 2020년 성장 둔화는 아시아 신흥국에 상당한 영향을 줄 것으로 보인다. 경제 전망을 둘러싼 불확실성이 현저히 높은 수준인 가운데, 각국의 바이러스 확산 관리 역량과 지속적인 정책적 지원에 따라 불확실성 해소 여부가 결정될 것으로 보인다. OECD의 “2021 동남아시아, 중국 및 인도 경제 전망 보고서: 디지털화를 위한 자원 배분”은 주요 거시 경제 국면을 개괄한 후 2021년 단기 역내 경제 전망을 제시하고 있다(제1장). 해당 보고서는 특히 보건 및 교육 부문 디지털화를 위한 자원 배분의 중요성을 검토하여, 디지털 도구의 추가 도입을 저해하는 요소를 극복하는 방안을 제안하고 있다(제2장). 뿐만 아니라 4차 산업혁명(Industry 4.0)의 진전 상황을 살펴보고 사이버 복원력(cyber resilience) 강화의 필요성을 조명한다.

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