Economic Diversification in Africa

A Review of Selected Countries

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This study provides an empirical review of the role of governments, the private sector, regional economic institutions and the broader international community in driving economic diversification. Individual case studies of five African economies describe both the catalysts of and barriers to diversification. The study is published jointly by the United Nations Office of the Special Adviser on Africa (UN-OSAA) and the NEPAD-OECD Africa Investment Initiative.



Diversifying Africa’s economies is an important part of the continent’s development strategy. This study has analysed the wide range of experiences that various countries have had with diversification, as well as the variety of factors that influence the process. Although experiences differ from country to country, there are some common findings that can be used to draw conclusions and recommendations for improved actions to support economic diversification.


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