Development Co-operation Report 2014

Mobilising Resources for Sustainable Development

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The Development Co-operation Report (DCR) is a yearly report by the Chair of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) that addresses important challenges for the international development community and provides practical guidance and recommendations on how to tackle them. Moreover, it reports the profiles and performance of DAC development co-operation providers and presents DAC statistics on official development assistance (ODA) and private resource flows.

The Development Co-operation Report 2014: Mobilising resources for sustainable development is the second in a trilogy (2013-15) focusing on “Global Development Co-operation Post-2015: Managing Interdependence”. The report provides an overview of the sources of finance available to developing countries and proposes recommendations on how to mobilise further resources. It also explores how to mobilise resources to finance the provision of global public goods: for example, to combat climate change, promote peace and security, and create a fair and equal trading system.

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Putting foreign direct investment to work for development

Foreign direct investment in developing countries can create jobs, develop technology and new productive capacity, and help local firms access new international markets. Over the past two decades, developing countries have steadily increased their share of global foreign direct investment. In 2012 for the first time, their share exceeded that of developed countries, making foreign direct investment by far the biggest source of international capital flows to developing countries (60% on average). This chapter reviews the trends in foreign direct investment in developing countries, and their implications. Foreign direct investment has displayed volatility at the global level, although developing countries have been cushioned to some extent by the increase in South-South investment, especially by the People’s Republic of China. In 2012, China was the fifth largest outward investor in the world, accounting for 5% of global flows. Regional shares are uneven, however, with Africa receiving the lowest share by far of global investment flows. There is also an increase in the phenomenon of investment de-globalisation, which is weakening the economic linkages between developed countries and the rest of the world.

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