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Conflict over Resources and Terrorism

Two Facets of Insecurity

image of Conflict over Resources and Terrorism

This study first analyses an old and recurring form of instability in the region: conflict over resources. A series of case studies  examines the causes of these conflicts with reference to the associated regional challenges and response tools. Secondly, the study addresses terrorism, a relatively new dimension of insecurity. It outlines the development of AQMI and Boko Haram and then focuses on a comparative analysis of legal mechanisms to fight against terrorism. The argument holds that the congruence of these insecurities and the current violent crises present an unprecedented risk of destabilisation for West Africa and the international community.

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Applying anti-terrorism mechanisms

Sahel and West Africa Club

The majority of international and regional organisations recognise numerous anti-terrorism conventions and initiatives. However, serious challenges remain with respect to the application and enforcement of national legislation and the co-ordination of states.

Terrorism is a contentious concept in international law, making it difficult to create the consensus required to implement effective measures at the international level. Notwithstanding this lack of consensus, the severe problems terrorism causes for West Africa in terms of security, and hence development, demand an effective response that encompasses prevention and punishment. These considerations imply the passing of appropriate anti-terrorism legislation, insofar as it is the law that provides the overall framework for the fight against terrorism.

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