Competitiveness in South East Europe

A Policy Outlook

image of Competitiveness in South East Europe

Future economic development and the wellbeing of citizens in South East Europe (SEE) depend more than ever on greater economic competitiveness. To underpin the drive to improve competitiveness and foster private investment, an integrated policy approach is needed. This first edition of Competitiveness in South East Europe: A Policy Outlook seeks to help policy makers in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, and Serbia assess their progress towards their growth goals and benchmark them against the good practices adopted by OECD countries and the performance of their regional peers.

This report addresses 15 policy dimensions critical to competitive economies that draw on the South East Europe 2020 Strategy (SEE 2020), a regional growth strategy drawn up by the Regional Cooperation Council and adopted by SEE governments in 2013. The qualitative assessments presented herein use scoring frameworks to enable regional comparisons. A participatory assessment process – that brings together regional policy networks and organisations, policy makers, independent experts and the private sector – ensures a balanced view of performance.



Transport in South East Europe

Transport moves people and goods and links regions and countries, thereby integrating them into the global economy. The recently adopted Connectivity Agenda for the Western Balkans further commits SEE economies to prioritising regional transport projects to link them to EU markets. This chapter on the Transport Dimension begins with an analysis of overall performance and usage in road, railway, air, inland waterway and maritime transport. Three sub-dimensions investigate policy development. The Infrastructure Sub-Dimension examines: the scope of transport infrastructure strategies; the use of cost-benefit analysis and project prioritisation; strategies to reduce bottlenecks and non-physical trade barriers; transport telematics strategies. The Governance and Regulation Sub-Dimension assesses road safety strategies, railway sector liberalisation and alignment with the Single European Sky policy. The Sustainability Sub-Dimension describes co-modal transport optimisation strategies and policies to measure and monitor the environmental footprint of transport.




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