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Competitiveness in South East Europe

A Policy Outlook

image of Competitiveness in South East Europe

Future economic development and the wellbeing of citizens in South East Europe (SEE) depend more than ever on greater economic competitiveness. To underpin the drive to improve competitiveness and foster private investment, an integrated policy approach is needed. This first edition of Competitiveness in South East Europe: A Policy Outlook seeks to help policy makers in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, and Serbia assess their progress towards their growth goals and benchmark them against the good practices adopted by OECD countries and the performance of their regional peers.

This report addresses 15 policy dimensions critical to competitive economies that draw on the South East Europe 2020 Strategy (SEE 2020), a regional growth strategy drawn up by the Regional Cooperation Council and adopted by SEE governments in 2013. The qualitative assessments presented herein use scoring frameworks to enable regional comparisons. A participatory assessment process – that brings together regional policy networks and organisations, policy makers, independent experts and the private sector – ensures a balanced view of performance.

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Tax policy in South East Europe

Effective tax policy aims to strike a balance between the tax burden on enterprises and individuals, while still allowing the government to raise the revenue required to deliver public services and finance public policy objectives. Three sub-dimensions make up the overall Tax Policy Dimension. The Corporate Tax Policy Sub-Dimension analyses to what extent tax legislation fosters an environment conducive to business and effective tax revenue collection, in the form of tax incentives, transfer pricing rules, tax treaties and regional co-operation. The Tax Administration Sub-Dimension investigates the functions of tax administrators and their ability to ensure tax compliance. The Tax Analysis Sub-Dimension evaluates the ability of tax authorities to collect tax statistics and analyse tax policy effectiveness and their impact on government budgets.

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