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Competitiveness in South East Europe

A Policy Outlook

image of Competitiveness in South East Europe

Future economic development and the wellbeing of citizens in South East Europe (SEE) depend more than ever on greater economic competitiveness. To underpin the drive to improve competitiveness and foster private investment, an integrated policy approach is needed. This first edition of Competitiveness in South East Europe: A Policy Outlook seeks to help policy makers in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, and Serbia assess their progress towards their growth goals and benchmark them against the good practices adopted by OECD countries and the performance of their regional peers.

This report addresses 15 policy dimensions critical to competitive economies that draw on the South East Europe 2020 Strategy (SEE 2020), a regional growth strategy drawn up by the Regional Cooperation Council and adopted by SEE governments in 2013. The qualitative assessments presented herein use scoring frameworks to enable regional comparisons. A participatory assessment process – that brings together regional policy networks and organisations, policy makers, independent experts and the private sector – ensures a balanced view of performance.

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Research, development and innovation in South East Europe

Research and development is systematically undertaken in creative work to increase the sphere of knowledge or invent new ways of applying existing knowledge. Innovation is the introduction of a new or improved product, service or process. This chapter on the Research, Development and Innovation (RDI) Dimension considers four sub-dimensions in its assessment of RDI performance and policy development. The RDI Policy Governance Sub-Dimension assesses co-ordinated strategy development and implementation as well as public research organisations. The Research Base Sub-Dimension measures research organisation funding. The Private Sector RDI Activities Sub-Dimension examines government activities to facilitate private sector RDI through business grants, fiscal support, promotion and public procurement practices. The Business-Academia Collaboration Sub-Dimension evaluates government initiatives to bring the two communities together to foster innovation such as business-academia mobility, researcher evaluation and IPR legislation.

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