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Competitiveness in South East Europe

A Policy Outlook

image of Competitiveness in South East Europe

Future economic development and the wellbeing of citizens in South East Europe (SEE) depend more than ever on greater economic competitiveness. To underpin the drive to improve competitiveness and foster private investment, an integrated policy approach is needed. This first edition of Competitiveness in South East Europe: A Policy Outlook seeks to help policy makers in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, and Serbia assess their progress towards their growth goals and benchmark them against the good practices adopted by OECD countries and the performance of their regional peers.

This report addresses 15 policy dimensions critical to competitive economies that draw on the South East Europe 2020 Strategy (SEE 2020), a regional growth strategy drawn up by the Regional Cooperation Council and adopted by SEE governments in 2013. The qualitative assessments presented herein use scoring frameworks to enable regional comparisons. A participatory assessment process – that brings together regional policy networks and organisations, policy makers, independent experts and the private sector – ensures a balanced view of performance.

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Employment policy in South East Europe

Employment policy seeks to provide a framework of institutions, laws and practices that improve labour market functions, inclusiveness, and the ability to address post-crisis and demographic challenges. This chapter on the Employment Policy Dimension considers three sub-dimensions in its assessment of employment performance and policy development. The Labour Mobility Sub-Dimension examines to what extent economies regulate the labour and occupational mobility of workers. The Labour Market Governance Sub-Dimension analyses the capacity of public employment services, strategies to facilitate employment among young people and vulnerable groups, and policies that address informal employment. It also describes employment protection legislation analysed with OECD indicators and methodology. The Social Economy Sub-Dimension describes the development of government action to promote the social economy and an environment conducive to social enterprises.

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