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Competitiveness in South East Europe

A Policy Outlook

image of Competitiveness in South East Europe

Future economic development and the wellbeing of citizens in South East Europe (SEE) depend more than ever on greater economic competitiveness. To underpin the drive to improve competitiveness and foster private investment, an integrated policy approach is needed. This first edition of Competitiveness in South East Europe: A Policy Outlook seeks to help policy makers in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, and Serbia assess their progress towards their growth goals and benchmark them against the good practices adopted by OECD countries and the performance of their regional peers.

This report addresses 15 policy dimensions critical to competitive economies that draw on the South East Europe 2020 Strategy (SEE 2020), a regional growth strategy drawn up by the Regional Cooperation Council and adopted by SEE governments in 2013. The qualitative assessments presented herein use scoring frameworks to enable regional comparisons. A participatory assessment process – that brings together regional policy networks and organisations, policy makers, independent experts and the private sector – ensures a balanced view of performance.

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Effective public services in South East Europe

Transparency, effective rule of law, low corruption and high civil society participation characterise high-quality public governance, which is made up of political, institutional and legal arrangements. This chapter on the Effective Public Services Dimension considers four sub-dimensions in its assessment of public services performance and policy development. The Regulation and Legislation Sub-Dimension gauges the development of tools to improve existing and future legislation such as the regulatory guillotine, regulatory impact analysis, forward-planning mechanisms and public consultations. The Civil Service Sub-Dimension describes human resource management and performance appraisal systems that seek to match public servant skills with policy goals. The Government Accountability Sub-Dimension analyses access to public information, e-government services and commitment to the Open Government Partnership. The Multi-Level Governance Sub-Dimension investigates local government autonomy by measuring tax decentralisation and alignment with the European Charter of Local Self-Government.

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