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Competitiveness in South East Europe

A Policy Outlook

image of Competitiveness in South East Europe

Future economic development and the wellbeing of citizens in South East Europe (SEE) depend more than ever on greater economic competitiveness. To underpin the drive to improve competitiveness and foster private investment, an integrated policy approach is needed. This first edition of Competitiveness in South East Europe: A Policy Outlook seeks to help policy makers in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, and Serbia assess their progress towards their growth goals and benchmark them against the good practices adopted by OECD countries and the performance of their regional peers.

This report addresses 15 policy dimensions critical to competitive economies that draw on the South East Europe 2020 Strategy (SEE 2020), a regional growth strategy drawn up by the Regional Cooperation Council and adopted by SEE governments in 2013. The qualitative assessments presented herein use scoring frameworks to enable regional comparisons. A participatory assessment process – that brings together regional policy networks and organisations, policy makers, independent experts and the private sector – ensures a balanced view of performance.

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Education and competences in South East Europe

To improve education and competencies is to build the knowledge, skills and capacities of everyone in society. This chapter on the Education and Competences Dimension analyses performance and policy development through five sub-dimensions. The High-Quality Education Sub-Dimension examines quality and equity in early childhood, primary, secondary, initial vocational and higher education as well as teacher recruitment, retention and development. The Early-School Leaving Prevention Sub-Dimension evaluates strategies to prevent early leaving from primary to higher education. The Qualification Recognition Sub-Dimension assesses quality assurance agencies and the implementation of national qualifications frameworks. The Labour Market Alignment Sub-Dimension considers to what degree education is aligned with labour market needs, career guidance services and lifelong learning programmes. The Entrepreneurial Learning Sub-Dimension describes the extent to which SEE economies promote entrepreneurial learning and enterprise skills at all levels of education and training through policy development and evaluation and university-enterprise co-operation.

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