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Competitiveness in South East Europe

A Policy Outlook

image of Competitiveness in South East Europe

Future economic development and the wellbeing of citizens in South East Europe (SEE) depend more than ever on greater economic competitiveness. To underpin the drive to improve competitiveness and foster private investment, an integrated policy approach is needed. This first edition of Competitiveness in South East Europe: A Policy Outlook seeks to help policy makers in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, and Serbia assess their progress towards their growth goals and benchmark them against the good practices adopted by OECD countries and the performance of their regional peers.

This report addresses 15 policy dimensions critical to competitive economies that draw on the South East Europe 2020 Strategy (SEE 2020), a regional growth strategy drawn up by the Regional Cooperation Council and adopted by SEE governments in 2013. The qualitative assessments presented herein use scoring frameworks to enable regional comparisons. A participatory assessment process – that brings together regional policy networks and organisations, policy makers, independent experts and the private sector – ensures a balanced view of performance.

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Anti-corruption policy in South East Europe

Corruption is the abuse of entrusted authority for personal benefit. This chapter on the Anti-corruption Policy Dimension analyses five sub-dimensions of anti-corruption policy development and implementation. The Transparent Rules Sub-Dimension describes such corruption-preventive instruments as corruption risk assessment and corruption proofing of legislation. The Competitive Procedures Sub-Dimension examines measures to curb corruption in public procurement. The Revision and Control Sub-Dimension assesses the frequency and quality of investigations as a result of public control and auditing. The Public Awareness Sub-Dimension analyses government efforts to inform the public on negative effects of corruption on society and ways to avoid getting involved in bribery. The Implementing Institutions and Regional Co-operation Sub-Dimension measures the development of implementing institutions, inter-agency co-operation and information exchange, regional co-operation and mutual legal assistance.

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