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Can we still Achieve the Millennium Development Goals?

From Costs to Policies

image of Can we still Achieve the Millennium Development Goals?

This study contributes to the current debate on achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), their relevance and what can be done after 2015, by looking at estimates of the cost of reaching the goals in 2015. In particular, it sizes the additional resources needed in developing countries to attain the goals.

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The Millennium challenge

OECD Development Centre

Several years after the Monterrey Conference, progress on meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has been uneven. Therefore, in the run up to the 2015 deadline, assessing the magnitude of the financing challenge is crucial. This study estimates the size of the corresponding financial costs, putting this in the context of both domestic and external development resources that are currently and could potentially become available. The estimated cost of attaining the goals is around USD 120 billion and is split evenly between low- and middle-income countries. The cost-effective option for low-income countries1 is to close their financing gap so as to raise their growth rates in a sustainable manner. In the case of middle-income countries,2 it is rather about targeted transfers and expenditure. From this perspective, it is extremely important to continue reforming tax administration and improving the quality of public expenditure.

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