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Better Policies for Development

Recommendations for Policy Coherence

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This report examines the ways in which wider policies can be use to support our common development objectives. It focuses on areas requiring collective action by the entire international community, and complements the OECD’s continuing work on aid effectiveness and monitoring aid flows.

It starts from two premises. First, policies ranging from trade and investment to tax and fiscal transparency, corporate governance, climate change, resource security and social policy have a profound impact on the prospects for achieving sustainable development. Second, whilst these require action by national governments and regional organisations in both developed and developing countries, in today’s interconnected world they also require collective action by the entire international community.

The report covers 18 development policy topics divided into four broad categories: sustainable economic growth, economic governance, the environment and natural resource security, and society. Together these reflect the OECD’s mission to promote better policies for better lives.

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Health

Good health and health care are essential not just for economic and social development but in their own right, and as a gender issue. Three of the eight MDGs focus on health: child mortality, maternal health and fighting HIV/AIDS and other diseases. Although average life expectancy has increased over recent decades in most countries, many statistics remain shocking. Child mortality has been reduced significantly but pneumonia and diarrhoea continue to kill 3.8 million children each year, despite both conditions being preventable and treatable at reasonable cost. Inadequate access to clean water and sanitation accounts for 1.8 million child deaths each year. Infectious diseases respect no boundaries as shown by the recent SARS and influenza epidemics.

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