Atlas of Gender and Development

How Social Norms Affect Gender Equality in non-OECD Countries

image of Atlas of Gender and Development

Illustrated with graphics and maps, the Atlas of Gender and Development gives readers a unique insight into the impact of social institutions − traditions, social norms and cultural practices − on gender equality in 124 non-OECD countries.

Gender inequality holds back not just women but the economic and social development of entire societies. Overcoming discrimination is important in the fight against poverty in developing countries and for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Tackling these inequalities is not easy: in many countries, discrimination against women is deeply rooted in social institutions such as the family and the law. These long-lasting codes of conduct, norms, traditions, and informal and formal laws determine gender  outcomes in education, health, political representation and labour markets.



OECD Development Centre

The Constitution of Haiti does not specifically prohibit discrimination on the grounds of gender, although the ratified International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ostensibly mandates such protections. In 1994, the government established a Ministry for the Status of Women, which has mostly had a symbolic rather than a concrete role in changing the lives of women. Tradition still restricts Haitian women in the exercise of their rights and prevents them from acquiring the same social and economic status as men. Women in rural areas in particular remain confined to traditional roles and activities. Nearly half of Haitian households are headed by women.


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