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Aid Effectiveness

A Progress Report on Implementing the Paris Declaration

image of Aid Effectiveness
The 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness defines the principles and commitments by which donors and developing countries intend to ensure that aid is as effective as possible in contributing to the Millennium Development Goals and other internationally agreed development objectives. This report is a mid-term review of progress towards these commitments, drawing on the 2008 Paris Declaration Monitoring Survey and the Evaluation Synthesis Report among many other sources.

Part I highlights the main actionable lessons and messages emerging from the analysis of progress to date. Part II covers the commitments under the five Partnership Principles related to ownership, alignment, harmonisation, development results and mutual accountability, together with four subjects of critical relevance: sector perspectives, the role of civil society organisations, situations of fragility and conflict, and the changing aid architecture.

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Situations of Fragility and Conflict

This chapter shows how situations of fragility and conflict pose specific challenges for development and effective use of aid. In these situations, the Paris Declaration principles need to be complemented by the DAC principles for “good international engagement in fragile states and situations” and adapted to the specific contexts. Whole-of-government approaches are crucial. At the policy level, there has been significant progress over the past three years. DAC members have adopted the principles for good international engagement in fragile states and situations, and the European Union, the World Bank and others have endorsed these principles. Many policy statements acknowledge the challenge of peace-building and state-building, the importance of political settlement, elite negotiations and broad-based reconciliation, and also that in some cases it may take generations to make meaningful progress. Recognising this, whole-of-government strategies and mechanisms have been established, along with tools such as shadow and partial alignment.

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