Aid Effectiveness

A Progress Report on Implementing the Paris Declaration

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The 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness defines the principles and commitments by which donors and developing countries intend to ensure that aid is as effective as possible in contributing to the Millennium Development Goals and other internationally agreed development objectives. This report is a mid-term review of progress towards these commitments, drawing on the 2008 Paris Declaration Monitoring Survey and the Evaluation Synthesis Report among many other sources.

Part I highlights the main actionable lessons and messages emerging from the analysis of progress to date. Part II covers the commitments under the five Partnership Principles related to ownership, alignment, harmonisation, development results and mutual accountability, together with four subjects of critical relevance: sector perspectives, the role of civil society organisations, situations of fragility and conflict, and the changing aid architecture.

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Mutual Accountability

The Paris Declaration calls upon donors and partners to be mutually accountable for development results. Individual and joint actions can create and reinforce shared agendas by building trust, shifting incentives towards results, embedding common values, deepening responsibilities and strengthening partnerships. Progress towards mutual accountability has been slow, when gauged by the number of partner countries that undertake mutual assessments of progress in implementing agreed commitments on aid effectiveness. This may be in part because mutual accountability is a relatively new principle, and is demanding of capacity. However, despite the undeveloped nature of the mutual accountability system as a whole, more pieces of the solution are actually at hand than is generally assumed, and a range of mechanisms make contributions toward fulfilling this commitment. 

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