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African Economic Outlook 2013

Structural Transformation and Natural Resources

image of African Economic Outlook 2013

The African Economic Outlook is the only annual report that monitors in detail the economic performance of 53 individual countries on the continent, using a strictly comparable analytical framework.

The focus of the 2013 edition if structural transformation and natural resources in Africa. This edition draws lessons from Africa and elsewhere on how to accelerate structural change and amplify the positive force of natural resources. The report also features and overview of Africa's performance and prospects, country notes and a rich statistical annex.

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Tunisia

OECD Development Centre

Tunisia’s economy rebounded in 2012, growing by 3.3%. A good agricultural season and the relative recovery in tourism, foreign direct investment (FDI) and hydrocarbon and phosphate production, which almost stagnated in 2011, contributed to the economic recovery. However, the European crisis and the decline in external demand had a negative impact on exports, particularly of textiles and machinery and electricity. Overall, production benefited from a more stable social climate in 2011 and continued domestic demand, but the economy as a whole is not improving as fast as was expected. Unemployment remains high, as do the current-account and budget deficits, because of the lack of structural reforms and the failure of the country’s main economic partner, Europe, to achieve a strong economic recovery. The greatest risks are ideological tensions, protests and possible pre-election populist policies, which could lead to overspending.

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