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Africa’s Development Dynamics 2021

Digital Transformation for Quality Jobs

image of Africa’s Development Dynamics 2021

Africa’s Development Dynamics uses lessons learned in the continent’s five regions – Central, East, North, Southern and West Africa – to develop policy recommendations and share good practices. Drawing on the most recent statistics, this analysis of development dynamics attempts to help African leaders reach the targets of the African Union’s Agenda 2063 at all levels: continental, regional, national and local.

The 2021 edition, now published at the beginning of the year, explores how digitalisation can create quality jobs and contribute to achieving Agenda 2063, thereby making African economies more resilient to the global recession triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic. The report targets four main policy areas for Africa’s digital transformation: bridging the digital divide; supporting local innovation; empowering own-account workers; and harmonising, implementing and monitoring digital strategies. This edition includes a new chapter examining how to finance Africa’s development despite the 2020 global economic crisis.

Africa’s Development Dynamics feeds into a policy debate between the African Union’s governments, citizens, entrepreneurs and researchers. It aims to be part of a new collaboration between countries and regions, which focuses on mutual learning and the preservation of common goods. This report results from a partnership between the African Union Commission and the OECD Development Centre.

English Also available in: French, Portuguese

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Digitalisation and jobs in Africa under COVID-19 and beyond

This chapter analyses the dynamics of digitalisation in Africa and how it can create jobs for youth and fulfill Agenda 2063 in the context of the COVID-19 crisis. The first section examines the importance of digitalisation – the use of digital technologies and data and the interconnection that results in new activities or changes to existing activities − for Africa’s productive transformation and resilience to future crises. The second section documents the progress of digitalisation in Africa since the start of the mobile money revolution in 2007. Then it highlights the main channels through which digitalisation can create jobs. The third section identifies critical mismatches that require policy makers to act now, to accomodate the changes in Africa’s youth profiles by educational attainment. The final section of the chapter documents ongoing continental initiatives to promote Africa’s digital transformation and identifies key policy areas for enhancing co-operation.

English Also available in: French, Portuguese

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