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Africa's Development Dynamics 2018

Growth, Jobs and Inequalities

image of Africa's Development Dynamics 2018

What are the major economic and social trends in Africa? What is Africa’s role in globalisation? This new annual report presents an Africa open to the world and towards the future. Africa's Development Dynamics uses the lessons learned in the five African regions – Central, East, North, Southern and West Africa – to develop recommendations and share good practices. The report identifies innovative policies and offers practical policy recommendations, adapted to the specificities of African economies.

Drawing on the most recent available statistics, this analysis of development dynamics aims to help African leaders reach the targets of the African Union’s Agenda 2063 at all levels: continental, regional, and national. Every year this report will focus on one strategic theme. This first edition explores the dynamics of growth, jobs, and inequalities. It proposes ten decisive actions to promote sustainable economic and social development and to strengthen institutions in Africa.

This volume also feeds into a policy debate between African Union’s nations, citizens, entrepreneurs and researchers. It aims to be part of a new co-operation between countries and regions focused on mutual learning and the preservation of common goods. This report is the result of a partnership between the African Union Commission and the OECD Development Centre.

English Portuguese, French

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Dynamics of growth, jobs and inequalities in Southern Africa

OECD Development Centre

This chapter addresses the links between growth, employment and inequality in the Southern Africa region (Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe). It examines the drivers of growth and the need to diversify the economy. The chapter also shows the challenges interlinking the lack of quality jobs and the inequality in Southern Africa. It highlights the heterogeneity across countries and the common problems they face. The chapter begins with the region’s economic profile. The subsequent three sections present the evolution of growth, jobs, and poverty and income inequality in the region. A discussion of the relationships between inequality, employment and economic growth follows, and the final section presents policy recommendations.

English French, Portuguese

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