Africa's Development Dynamics 2018

Growth, Jobs and Inequalities

image of Africa's Development Dynamics 2018

What are the major economic and social trends in Africa? What is Africa’s role in globalisation? This new annual report presents an Africa open to the world and towards the future. Africa's Development Dynamics uses the lessons learned in the five African regions – Central, East, North, Southern and West Africa – to develop recommendations and share good practices. The report identifies innovative policies and offers practical policy recommendations, adapted to the specificities of African economies.

Drawing on the most recent available statistics, this analysis of development dynamics aims to help African leaders reach the targets of the African Union’s Agenda 2063 at all levels: continental, regional, and national. Every year this report will focus on one strategic theme. This first edition explores the dynamics of growth, jobs, and inequalities. It proposes ten decisive actions to promote sustainable economic and social development and to strengthen institutions in Africa.

This volume also feeds into a policy debate between African Union’s nations, citizens, entrepreneurs and researchers. It aims to be part of a new co-operation between countries and regions focused on mutual learning and the preservation of common goods. This report is the result of a partnership between the African Union Commission and the OECD Development Centre.

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Dynamics of growth, jobs and inequalities in East Africa

OECD Development Centre

This chapter seeks to investigate the links between growth, employment and inequalities in East Africa (Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda). Specifically, the chapter analyses the evolution of economic growth, the drivers behind the growth process and the impact of growth on living standards of the people in the region. The chapter gives a comparative overview of the trends in economic growth, labour market outcomes and income inequality since the 1980s in East Africa. The chapter is structured as follows. The first section provides key facts on East Africa. The second section gives an overview of the economic performance in the region. The third section focuses on the evolution of employment and unemployment outcomes. The fourth section analyses the main trends in poverty and income inequality. The final section provides policy recommendations.

English Portuguese, French


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