A New Rural Development Paradigm for the 21st Century

A Toolkit for Developing Countries

image of A New Rural Development Paradigm for the 21st Century

Three billion people live in rural areas in developing countries. Conditions for them are worse than for their urban counterparts when measured by almost any development indicator, from extreme poverty, to child mortality and access to electricity and sanitation. And the gulf is widening, contributing to large-scale migration to urban areas. This situation exists despite half a century of rural development theories and approaches, and despite the global momentum built around the Millennium Development Goals between 2000 and 2015. Without greater progress on rural development, it is unlikely that the new Sustainable Development Goals will be met. This book calls for a new paradigm for rural development that is equipped to meet the challenges and harness the opportunities of the 21st century – including climate change, demographic shifts, international competition and fast-moving technological change.



A new rural development paradigm for developing countries in the 21st century

OECD Development Centre

The lessons from the history of rural development and the real experiences of developing countries help shape a new paradigm for rural development (NRDP). This chapter presents the framework for the new paradigm, which is context-specific, multi-level and multi-agent. It contains eight key components, and includes a menu of 25 policy tools which offer opportunities for rural development in the 21st century. The chapter also outlines seven steps needed to implement the paradigm through a prioritised, well-sequenced and realistic strategy in individual developing countries.


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