Table of Contents

  • When disruptive events occur that could have a significant impact on the population and the national economy, governments have the primary responsibility for managing them. Citizens expect governments to manage the impacts of extreme events whether they come from natural disasters, terrorist attacks, industrial accidents or disease outbreaks. How can governments invest their finite resources most efficiently to mitigate the effects of these events? Since not all hazards and threats can be prevented, important trade-offs need to be made in preparing for different types of disaster risks.

  • National risk assessments (NRA) identify and analyse risks that have consequences of national significance. NRA help inform decisions concerning the emergency situations that require the attention of policy makers at the centre of government. They cover the entire risk management process, from analysing preparedness for different types of national risks to putting society on notice about them, and as a result are an essential tool for supporting a country’s overall resilience. This report presents a unique overview of NRA across a range of countries. Part I provides a cross-country analysis distilling lessons from the use of NRA. It provides recommendations for countries that might wish to establish an NRA and can be a useful reference for countries seeking to reform their current practices. Part II of this report presents National Risk Assessment processes in 20 countries.