Table of Contents

  • The Mexican National Open Data Policy, as part of the National Digital Strategy, has over a short period of time set a far-reaching and ambitious vision and objectives, and the current central administration has taken strategic decisions and invested resources to deliver policy results. This has taken place alongside Mexico's active involvement in the international open data community and undertaking of important global commitments, such as the adoption of the International Open Data Charter and the G20 Anti-Corruption Open Data Principles. As a founding member of the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data, Mexico has also helped highlight the critical value of open government data for the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.

  • Open government data (OGD) can be a powerful lever for social and economic development. It can also be used to improve public governance by enhancing transparency, openness, integrity and public participation at the central and local levels of government. By ensuring open government data availability, accessibility and reuse by public, private and civic stakeholders, governments can design more evidence-based and inclusive policies, stimulate innovation inside and outside the public sector, and empower citizens to take better-informed personal decisions.

  • The Open Government Data Review of Mexico was undertaken by the OECD to analyse the achievements, opportunities and challenges of open government data in the Mexican context. At request of the Mexican government, this Review includes a specific chapter on open government, which is based on the analytical framework of the OECD Open Government Reviews. The analysis on open data policies and initiatives is based on the OECD methodology laid out in the working paper "Open government data: Towards empirical analysis of open government data initiatives". OECD country-specific reviews recommend proposals for action that help countries to improve their open government data (OGD) efforts in order to achieve greater impact on their economies, societies and public sectors.

  • This chapter assesses the implementation of open government policies in Mexico, with a specific focus on their steering and co-ordination from the centre of government (CoG). The creation of the Tripartite Technical Secretariat, which oversees the country's Open Government Partnership process, was an important step towards the design and implementation of a whole-of-government approach to open government. Under its leadership, Mexico has elaborated an ambitious second Open Government Partnership Action Plan which includes transformative commitments with great potential impact and which was monitored in a transparent way through the Open Government Dashboard.

  • This chapter discusses the policy, legal and governance framework for open government data in Mexico. It provides evidence on the ability shown by the institutions responsible for policy co-ordination to align high-level policy directives to overarching central policies such as the National Development Plan and the National Digital Strategy; and to use its international commitments to set an evolving road map for open data informed by best international practices.

  • This chapter underlines how the Mexican government has taken important steps to set an ambitious open data policy and to develop institutional capacities for data disclosure. It also underscores that the sustainability of open data in Mexico will require synchronising public institutions' policies with the vision for open data set by the centre of government. A more dynamic involvement of key ministries in Mexico, drawing upon their role as actors within the national open data ecosystem, is necessary to reach user communities and to spur a demand-driven data disclosure.

  • This chapter discusses the challenges and opportunities faced by the Mexican government outside its government apparatus to fully reap the potential of open data as a mechanism to create public value. It discusses the potential of the central open data portal as a value co-creation platform that could contribute to building user communities around open government data while fostering user-driven data disclosure. The chapter highlights the need to further engage specific user communities – such as journalists and students – as a requisite to invigorate the national open data ecosystem, the relevance of building skills across government, civic and business communities to empower the ecosystem to reuse data. It also underscores the necessity to strengthen multi-stakeholder collaboration and engagement to contribute to data-driven innovation and foster the digital economy in a sustainable fashion.

  • This chapter presents and discusses the Mexican government's efforts aimed to transfer the vision for open data set by the centre of government to the local level, and to spur the development of open data initiatives across states and municipalities. It draws upon the work of the OECD on multi-level policy coherence, highlighting its importance for the achievement of national and supranational policy objectives, such as the Sustainable Development Goals. The chapter discusses multi-level stakeholder collaboration as an instrument of value co-creation and data crowdsourcing from local population; underlining the relevance of co-operation, collaboration and policy transfer between the central and local levels of government, and among local governments in Mexico.