Table of Contents

  • Rapid urbanisation, population growth and rising incomes are generating a range of pressures on Mexico’s rich natural asset base, and compromising the environmental well-being of its citizens. In recent years the Mexican government has taken important steps to address these challenges. Environmental policies and institutions have been strengthened and investment in infrastructure has helped improve people’s health by providing better access to water services. Mexico has also shown impressive leadership in international environmental co-operation, particularly climate change. Nevertheless, much remains to be done.

  • The principal aim of the OECD Environmental Performance Review programme is to help member and selected partner countries to improve their individual and collective performance in environmental management by:

    • helping individual governments to assess progress in achieving their environmental goals; 
    • promoting continuous policy dialogue and peer learning;
    • stimulating greater accountability from governments towards each other and the public opinion.
  • Mexico is among the largest economies in the OECD. Over the last decade, it experienced average growth and recovered swiftly from the global downturn. However, the gap in living standards with the rest of the OECD widened, mainly because of Mexico’s relatively low productivity. In 2010, per capita income was among the lowest in the OECD, and Mexico was the second most unequal country in the OECD in terms of income. Mexico has a rich natural asset base and production and consumption patterns are less energy- and material-intensive than in more developed economies, although this gap has narrowed. However, rapid urbanisation, population growth and rising income are generating a range of environmental pressures.