Gender Mainstreaming in the Public Service

A Reference Manual for Governments and Other Stakeholders

image of Gender Mainstreaming in the Public Service
This is one of the sectoral guides that are part of the Gender Management System (GMS) resource kit, a series of publications presenting GMS. GMS is an innovative system developed by the Commonwealth Secretariat for gender mainstreaming. The system is a comprehensive network of structures, mechanisms and processes for bringing a gender perspective to bear on all government policies, plans, programmes and projects. The kit consists of a handbook which presents the GMS in detail; sectoral guides to gender mainstreaming in specific sectors; and resource documents to assist the user in gender analysis, monitoring, evaluation and other aspects of gender mainstreaming. Each sectoral guide also has a corresponding Quick Guide a short, userfriendly publication presenting the essential points. It is designed for policymakers, planners, field staff and other government personnel involved in gender mainstreaming, as well as for academic users, NGOs, the private sector and others who have a stake in advancing gender equality and equity.

This guide deals with how to mainstream gender issues in the public service. It includes: an examination of the structures and functions of public service personnel management in the context of public service reform; an examination of genderrelated policy issues in personnel management; guidelines on gender analysis; and proposals for policy interventions to advance gender equality and equity in the public service.



Executive Summary

Despite major efforts and some progress over the last two decades, women continue to be disadvantaged in comparison with men in many aspects of life, in most countries. The UNDP's Human Development Report, which records progress in human development according to indicators of health, education and income, has since 1995 included a Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM), which reveals that while in some countries women are well represented among professional and technical staff, there are fewer women than men working as parliamentarians, administrators and managers in all Commonwealth countries for which figures are available. And in terms of earned income share, the picture in most areas is of significant bias in favour of men.


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