Gender Mainstreaming in Development Planning

A Reference Manual for Governments and Other Stakeholders

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This is one of the sectoral guides that are part of the Gender Management System (GMS) resource kit, a series of publications presenting GMS. GMS is an innovative system developed by the Commonwealth Secretariat for gender mainstreaming. The system is a comprehensive network of structures, mechanisms and processes for bringing a gender perspective to bear on all government policies, plans, programmes and projects. The kit consists of a handbook which presents the GMS in detail; sectoral guides to gender mainstreaming in specific sectors; and resource documents to assist the user in gender analysis, monitoring, evaluation and other aspects of gender mainstreaming. Each sectoral guide also has a corresponding Quick Guide a short, userfriendly publication presenting the essential points. It is designed for policymakers, planners, field staff and other government personnel involved in gender mainstreaming, as well as for academic users, NGOs, the private sector and others who have a stake in advancing gender equality and equity. This guide deals with development planning within a gender perspective.




The Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing (1995) and the Beijing Platform for Action have provided new impetus for governments and civil society organisations to address gender inequalities in society at all levels. Initiatives in this regard have emerged out of a process that began with the UN Decade for Women in 1975-85 and the Nairobi Forward-Looking Strategies in 1985, and continued through the major UN world conferences of the 1990s, particularly the Environment Conference (Rio de Janiero, 1992), the Human Rights Conference (Vienna, 1993), the Population and Development Conference (Cairo, 1994), and the Social Development Summit (Copenhagen, 1995). Women are determined that commitments made by governments at these conferences to promote gender equality and equity are implemented.


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