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The General Election in Pakistan, 3 February 1997

image of The General Election in Pakistan, 3 February 1997

These Election Reports are the observations, conclusions and recommendations of Commonwealth Observer Groups. The SecretaryGeneral constitutes these observer missions at the request of governments and with the agreement of all significant political parties. At the end of a mission, a report is submitted to the SecretaryGeneral, who makes it available to the government of the country in question, the political parties concerned and to all Commonwealth governments. The report eventually becomes a public document.

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Political Background

Pakistan came into being on 14 August 1947 under the leadership of Mohammad Ali Jinnah, with a Constituent Assembly elected indirectly by the provincial legislatures, the status of a Dominion and membership of the Commonwealth. It became a republic in 1956, when a new constitution came into force. Until late 1971 Pakistan consisted of two geographical units 1,600km apart, West and East Pakistan, separated by India.

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