The End of Apartheid

The Report of the Commonwealth Observer Group to the South Africa Elections, 26–29 April 1994

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Political Background

South Africa's first non-racial elections were the culmination of a long and bitter political struggle for freedom within South Africa, and a sustained campaign against apartheid internationally. This struggle moved into a decisive phase in February 1990 with the release of African National Congress (ANC) leader Nelson Mandela and the lifting of the ban on key political organisations by State President F W de Klerk.


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