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Multiple-Shift Schooling

Design and Operation for Cost Effectiveness

image of Multiple-Shift Schooling
In the most common type of multipleshift school, one group of pupils attends classes in the morning and a completely separate group attends in the afternoon. This is a doubleshift school, also commonly called a doublesession, bisessional or halfday school. Some schools run three or even four shifts each day.



Multipleshift systems primarily aim to extend access and minimise unit costs. However, some systems only achieve these goals at the expense of educational quality. Policymakers may be faced by difficult choices in system design.



Drawing on experiences in a wide range of countries, this book highlights the advantages and problems of multipleshift systems. It also makes practical suggestions on ways to make multipleshift systems operate effectively. The book is intended for (i) national and regional policymakers, and (ii) headteachers and others responsible for running multipleshift schools.

English

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Further Reading

Although multiple-shift schools are found in many parts of the world, literature on their operation and impact is very scarce. It is common to find passing reference to multiple shifts in official and other reports, but it is rare to find detailed analysis. Much of the material for this book has been drawn from Ministry files and other documents not easily obtainable by the general public.

English

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