Dynamising Export Competitiveness

image of Mauritius

This paper analyses the attempt by Mauritius to replicate the export success of the East Asia Tiger Economies by adapting outwardoriented trade and investment strategies. It reviews Mauritius' competitive strengths and weaknesses at the national and enterprise level: its policies for trade, industry, foreign investment, industrial technology, human capital and EPZ infrastructure, and provides a detailed strategy for sustaining future export competitiveness. The Mauritius experience offers valuable lessons for other developing and transition economies.



Technological Performance and Support

Technological effort in manufacturing may be formal - research and development (R&D) in facilities separate from production, devoted to analysing the underlying basis of product and process technology and developing new technologies - or informal, at all points of the system as part of production - shop-floor layout and maintenance, process optimisation, quality management, industrial engineering, procurement, raw material adaptation and so on. Both are important to competitiveness. In developing countries, it is clearly informal forms that predominate, though productivity raising efforts are very important in all countries.


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