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A Commonwealth Vulnerability Index for Developing Countries

The Position of Small States

image of A Commonwealth Vulnerability Index for Developing Countries

There is growing international recognition that high economic exposure, remoteness, isolation and proneness to natural disasters all have a debilitating effect on small economies, despite the fact that some of them exhibit relatively high per capita incomes. This paper presents a Commonwealth vulnerability index that is designed to quantify vulnerability, and hence provide a means to identify vulnerable states. This index can be used as an operational tool in determining whether small states should be accorded differential treatment by the international community. It is intended as an additional criterion to augment other factors, such as per capita income, which are taken into account in reaching decisions on the treatment of certain developing countries by international organisations.

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Constructing the Commonwealth Vulnerability Index

The Commonwealth Vulnerability Index is a composite index that combines a number of separate variables to create a single indicator. A well-known example of such an index is the Human Development Index produced annually by the UN Development Programme (UNDP), which captures many aspects of human development in one indicator. The Commonwealth Vulnerability Index presented in this work aims to capture different quantifiable aspects of vulnerability.

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