Pollution Control and Waste Management in Developing Countries

image of Pollution Control and Waste Management in Developing Countries
A comprehensive, practical view of environmental management, this book records the experience gained through regional seminars in Africa over several years. It uses real examples to illustrate the points it makes. Subjects covered are: air pollution; coastal and marine pollution; managing domestic, industrial, mining, biomedical, nuclear and radioactive waste; solid waste re-use and recycling; waste water treatment; bioremediation; microbiological assessment and monitoring of pollutants; laboratory waste management; moving hazardous waste between nations; best practice for building a distributed waste network.

The book will be of tremendous benefit to policy-makers, non-governmental organisations, intergovernmental organisations, university and research institutions as well as concerned citizens.



Environmentally Sound Technologies: A Framework

This chapter presents the three entities Environment, Development and Technology as a tripartite set, characterised by the interaction between the ecological cycles in Nature and the economic 'cycles' resulting from the effect of anthropogenic activities from technology use in the environment. The challenge of sustainability is postulated to lie with the ability of the humankind and the disposition of the 'economic super-cycles' to realise and promote the utilisation of environmentally sound technologies (EnSTs). Environmentally sound technologies are generically classified as 'curative' or 'preventive' with respect to pollution and resource waste generation. A paradigm shift from end product focus to product life cycle consideration is proposed, which postulates the use of a set of parameters for the (EnST) characteristic along the full product life-cycle. As constructs for eco-efficiency, the set of (EnST) parameters are perceived as integral components of the dichotomy of the "terms of exchange" between purchaser and seller of technology in the current international economic order. Eco-efficiency is predicate to play the role incorporating a measure of simultaneous effort to minimise the ecological burden while maximising the economic value of products, goods and services.


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