The Arable Crops Sector

image of The Arable Crops Sector

This study takes an in-depth look at the arable crops sector in OECD countries and draws some conclusions about the impacts of agricultural support policies, trade liberalisation, agri-environmental payments, and agri-ennvironmental regulations. It contains economic and structural data, agri-environmental indicators for the arable crops sector, and analysis of the policy measures supporting arable crops farming and addressing environmental issues both at the aggregate country level and regional levels. This is the third in a series of in-depth studies being undertaken by the OECD to investigate the linkages between agriculture, trade and the environment. The first study on the pig sector was published in 2003, and the second study on the dairy sector was published in 2004.

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Environmental Impacts of Multilateral Agricultural Trade Liberalisation on Arable Crops

The URAA marked an historic point in the reform of the agricultural trading system (OECD, 2001f; Diakosavvas, 2004). The URAA imposed disciplines on trade-distorting domestic policies, and quantitative constraints were agreed for market access, domestic support and export subsidies. Notwithstanding the progress that has been made in liberalising agricultural trade, the level of support to producers of certain arable crops remains high. In many OECD countries, there is a wide range of agricultural and trade policies that affect the arable crop sector – domestic support, import tariffs and export subsidies...

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