The Arable Crops Sector

image of The Arable Crops Sector

This study takes an in-depth look at the arable crops sector in OECD countries and draws some conclusions about the impacts of agricultural support policies, trade liberalisation, agri-environmental payments, and agri-ennvironmental regulations. It contains economic and structural data, agri-environmental indicators for the arable crops sector, and analysis of the policy measures supporting arable crops farming and addressing environmental issues both at the aggregate country level and regional levels. This is the third in a series of in-depth studies being undertaken by the OECD to investigate the linkages between agriculture, trade and the environment. The first study on the pig sector was published in 2003, and the second study on the dairy sector was published in 2004.

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Agricultural Policies Affecting the Arable Crop Sector

Agricultural support and environmental policies have evolved over time. Shifting government priorities, domestic budgetary pressures and the implementation of multilateral, regional and bilateral trade agreements have impacted on the agricultural policy of OECD member countries. These changes range from limited re-instrumentation, to comprehensive reform which has had particular consequences for the arable crop sector.1 In a number of OECD countries both the number and complexity of policy measures are increasing, as the centre of gravity of policy measures shifts gradually from traditional market price support and output-related measures towards sector-wide and non-commodity-specific policies, particularly those encompassing environmental and rural development concerns...

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