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Settlement, Market and Food Security

image of Settlement, Market and Food Security

Settlement dynamics have been reshaping West Africa’s social and economic geography. These spatial transformations – high urbanisation and economic concentration – favour the development of market-oriented agriculture.

With the population of West Africa set to double by 2050, agricultural production systems will undergo far-reaching transformations. To support these transformations, policies need to be spatially targeted, improve availability of market information and broaden the field of food security to policy domains beyond agriculture. They need to rely on homogeneous and reliable data – not available at present – particularly for key variables such as non-agricultural and agricultural population, marketed production and regional trade.

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Executive summary

Sahel and West Africa Club

The West African population is projected to double by 2050, during which time agricultural production systems will profoundly change. The WAF report highlights the main features of settlement (from a homogenised base), agriculture and food security. It also provides an analytical framework and tools to allow policies to anticipate and incorporate the coming changes. The analysis particularly focuses on population concentration and on its corollary, market development, so as to shed light on some of the regional issues ahead.

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