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Review of Fisheries in OECD Countries 2008: Policies and Summary Statistics

image of Review of Fisheries in OECD Countries 2008: Policies and Summary Statistics

This publication describes major developments affecting fisheries in OECD countries in 2004, 2005 and 2006, including changes in national and international policies, trade, and fisheries and aquaculture production. This edition contains a special chapter on Foreign Direct Investment in OECD fisheries.

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United States

Commercial landings (edible and industrial) by US fishermen at ports in the 50 states were 4.6 million metric tons (mt) valued at USD 3.8 billion in 2004 – an increase of 261 000 metric tons (up 1%) and USD 305.8 million (up 9%) compared with 2003. Alaskan pollock, menhaden, Pacific salmon and cod remained the five most important species in terms of landings, while crab, shrimp, lobster and scallops remained highest in terms of value. Since 2000, revenue from commercial landings has increased to USD 145 million, representing a 4% increase in nominal terms but after adjusting for inflation, a 5% decrease in landed value.

It is estimated that there are 25 000-27 000 commercial fishing vessels licensed to operate in the US EEZ. The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) is currently developing a national permit database that will enable it to readily quantify the total number of Federally-permitted craft.

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